Growing of Caucasian Shepherd Dog up from the age of 3 to 9 months

This period is very important to form a dog since during it a dog is given the first vaccination and starts first training, the milk teeth are replaced with permanent ones and, finally, its character has almost been formed. When you raise the Caucasian Shepherd Dog you should remember four specific characteristics of the breed.

First characteristic.
The Caucasian Shepherd Dog alike don't have a genetic adaptation to a big city environment compared to Alsatian, Rottweiler, Doberman, etc. In other words, they get used to cars, noise around them and a big number of people (neighbours) on "their" territory with difficulty. To destroy a puppy's psychiatric system is easy by just taking it to a holiday bonfire. You should be careful when making it familiar with irritants around it. It should be done gradually, especially protecting a puppy from a sharp and loud noise.

Second characteristic.
Wolfdog's puppies being boisterous by their nature quickly forget thrashing by an old dog but a petard thrown to their legs may destroy their psychiatric system for ever. Nevertheless, don't forget that your 5-month old puppy may scare to death even a mature man.

Third characteristic.
Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are largely kept in houses. The classical mistake is that the owner thinks that his/her puppy spends the whole day walking and for this reason doesn't take it out at all. In such situation there is a problem with cleanliness of the puppy but also the puppy doesn't get enough loading. No doubt, that having walked from one side of a yard to the opposite, it will lie down or sit dawn.

Remember that neither Caucasian nor Asian dogs should be loaded with different things or need "running tracks". This may result in injury of their loin. Running after a bicycle doesn't agree with the dogs at all for a number of reasons. Ideally, a puppy should have an even walk for 90 minutes on a lightly loosen lead. A 5 or 7-month old dog should have such walk 3 times a day not including 5-minute walks for sanitation.

Finally, the fourth characteristic relates to the puppy's teeth and a specific approach to feeding it up, which directly affects its bone system. A Caucasian puppy grows up quite quickly. A 4- or 5-month old dog looks very impressive and its owner is pleased with the way it's progressing and overlooks the fact about a characteristic specific for all heavy breeds, namely, a disproportion between the puppy's weight and its copulas. Aiming at getting more muscles the owner gives a puppy food rich in proteins and fats making the problem worse: the weight goes up while copulas remain weak. This results in abnormal development of the pup's fore legs and hind legs.

When the changes are becoming obvious, the owner goes to another extreme: he gives the puppy a super dose of calcium and by this means fixes the changes.

By the way, responsible producers of dog's food take into account this potential danger and recommend that puppies of breeds of a small or average size should consume 30% proteins and 20% fats and 28% / 17% correspondingly for big breeds. For a example, American dog's food producer Eagle Pack in the first situation offers the food "Growth" with a proportion of 30/20, for the second type of breeds - the food "Puppy" with a proportion of 28/17 and thus takes into account the development of bones first and foremost and only then an increase in muscles.

In any case, it would be desirable that a vet looked after a puppy during its first months to notice unwanted changes in its bones if any.

Remember what was lost during the puppy age is impossible to correct later.

Extracts from "The Caucasian and Central Asia Shepherd Dogs and other wolfdogs" by V.Vysotsky

Elena and Valery Bereza
address: Kiev, Ukraine